In the name of God--Amen. I, MATHIAS RIDENOUR of Washington Co. and State of MD., being sick of body, but of sound and disposing mind, memory and understanding, considering the certainty of death and the uncertainty of the time thereof, and being desirous to settle my worldly affairs, and thereby be the better prepared to leave this world when it shall please God to call me hence, do therefore make and publish this my last will and testament in manner and form follows, that is:
First and principally I commit my soul into the hands of Almighty God, and my body to the earth to be decently buried at the discretion of my executors herein after named; and after my debts & funeral expenses are paid, I devise and bequeath as follows:--
I devise and bequeath unto my beloved wife EVE the sum of 40 pounds earnest money to be paid her by my executers out of my personal estate within 1 year after my decease.
Item: 1 sorrel horse named Jack, my bed and bedding thereunto belonging; 2 cows, all the kitchen furniture, as many apples and pears as she may want, saddle and bridle, privilege of the house and kitchen and the back room for her to live in, with the cellar under said room and sufficient firewood, and privilege of the small garden.
Item: my will is, and I order that my son JOHN deliver to my wife EVE 150 lbs. weight of good hogmeat, 100 lbs. weight of beef, 15 bushels of good clean wheat, 10 bushels of corn, 5 bushels of rye, 12 lbs. of hachled flax, 1 barrel of apple brandy, 15 gallons of rye whiskey, 2 barrels of syder; all this to be given her by my son JOHN, yearly and every year during her life, and I order that my son JOHN is to keep the horse and the 2 cows in good order summer and winter--the above to be in lieu of my wife's third or dower.
Item: I give & devise unto NICHOLAS my eldest son, and unto HENRY my second son, all that tract of land called "White Oak Lick," whereon they now live, to be divided between them as follows: NICHOLAS to have 130 A. where he now lives which land I value to him at 290 pounds current money, and HENRY is to have 100 acres where he now lives, the meadow-ground to be equally divided between them, which land I value to HENRY at 200 pounds.
Item: I give and devise unto my sons JACOB, MATHIAS & DAVID all that tract of land lying in the State of Virginia known by the name of "Richland," containing 630 acres, to be divided between them, as follows: JACOB is to have 210 acres where he now lives, which land I value to him at 78 pounds 15 shillings. MATHIS is to have 210 acres on the upper parte of said tract, which land I value to him at 78 pounds 15 shillings. DAVID is to have 210 acres of said tract on the lower part which said land I value to him at 78 pounds 15 shillings.
Item: I give and devise unto my sons JOHN and DANIEL, all my land on where I now live, called part of "Nicholas Ridenour's Pond" and "Henry's Last Shift" [conveyed to him 12041773, by his brother Henry, 243 acres] and a tract I lately bought from David Ridenour (22 1/4 acres 22121789) which lyes adjoining the above tract, these 2 tracts to be divided between JOHN and DANIEL as follows: DANIEL is to have 100 acres on the south west side of said tract, the beginning for said 100 acres is to be at a large maple stump, stand at the division fence in the meadow and from thence to a mulberry near a large maple tree, and from thence to the northeast corner of the apple orchard, and thence by a straight line to the outlines of said tracts, so as to include the 100 acres, which 100 acres I value at 400 pounds current money, and the remainder of said land my son JOHN is to have, which I value to him at 900 pounds current money. All the above devised lands is to be theirs and each of them, their heirs and assigns forever.
Item: My will is that my son NICHOLAS shall pay out of the 290 pounds the sum of 64 pound 17 shillings 10 pence to my son DAVID, to be paid in 6 equal payments, 1 each year.
Item: I order that my son JOHN shall pay out of the 900 pounds, the sum of 674 pounds 17 shillings to his sisters and brothers and to pay 50 pounds a year until the same be paid , the first payment to be made to my daughter ROSSENNAL (ROSINA) and within a year after my decease.
Item: I order that my son DANIEL is to pay out of the 400 pounds, the sum of 174 pounds 17 shillings 10 pence to his brothers and sisters in 17 equal payments, 1 each year, the first to be within 1 year after my decease, and my will is that the yearly payments from JOHN and Daniel is to be divided among my children hereafter named according to their sum they are to have: JACOB is to have 146 pounds 7 shilling 2 pence; MATHIAS is to have 146 pounds 7 shillings 2 pence; DAVID is to have 146 pounds 7 shillings 2 pence; HENRY is to have 225 pounds 2 shillings 2 pence.
Item: I will & bequeath to my daughter EVE out of the above payments the sum of 225 pounds 2 shillings 2 pence.
Item: I will and bequeath to my daughter ROSANNA the sum of 225 pounds 2 shillings 2 pence out of the above payments.
Item: My will further is, and I order that my executors hereafter named shall sell the lott of ground in Hamburgh in Montgomery Co. [VA] and the money arising from said lott shall be equally divided among all my children share and share alike, and I empower my executors to give a deed of conveyance for a lott I sold in Elizabethtown (Hagerstown) if the person that bought pays for same, and my will further is, and I order that the remainder of my real and personal estate shall be appraised and sold, and the money arising from the same shall be equally divided among all my children share and share alike. And my will is that my sons NICHOLAS, JOHN and DANIEL shall pay unto my daughter ROSANNA the sum of 50 pounds out of their part of the personal estate; nevertheless the said ROSANNA is to give a receipt to them for the same sum, as being paid of the money she was to get of the Real estate
Item: My will is that all children shall have an equal share of both real and personal estate. And lastly I constitute and appoint MARTIN KERSHNER and my son NICHOLAS RIDENOUR sole executors of this my last will and testament, and declare this to be my last will and testament.
In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand & affixed my seal this 14th day of February 1792. Mathias Ridenour [L.S.]
Signed sealed and published as the last will and testament of MATHIAS RIDENOUR. in the presence of us the subscribers, who at his request have subscribed our names in presence of each other as witnesses JONATHAN HAGER, DANIEL RIDENOUR, HENRY RIDENOUR, Sr.
Wash. Co set. On this 3rd day of March 1792, came Martin Kershner & Nicholas Ridenour and made oath that the within instrument of writing is the lone and whole will of MATHIAS RIDENOUR late of said county deceased that hath come to their hands or possession and that they do not know of any other and at the same time came JONATHAN HAGER, DANIEL RIDENOUR and HENRY RIDENOUR the three subscribing witnesses to the within last will and testament of MATHIAS RIDENOUR late of said county deceased and severally made oath on the holy evangels of almighty god that they did see the testator herein sign and seal this will and they heard him pronounce and declare the same to be his last will and testament, that at the time of his so doing he was to the best of their apprehensions of sound and disposing mind, memory and understanding, and that they respectively subscribed their names and witnesses to the will in the presence of each other. I further certify that Eve, the widow of the said deceased, was present at the time the above probate was taken, and that she declared in my presence that she was content and fully satisfied to stand and to abide by the will of her said husband deceased.
Recorded 3rd March 1792 Certified by Thos. Belt, Register.
WASHINGTON COUNTY, MARYLAND, BALANCE BOOK, ESTATESFeby 14th 1795