There are at least 16 historical markers for and/or that mention John Ridge, Sarah Ridge, Stand Watie, and Elias Boudinot plus eight monuments and six Ridge/Watie Family national historical sites across five states (Georgia, Arkansas, Oklahoma, Florida, and Texas) including The Ridge House in Fayetteville, Arkansas, and the Chieftains Museum/Major Ridge Home in Rome, Georgia.

Sarah (Ridge) Paschal Pix 1814-1891
Sarah's gravestone in the McNeir Cemetery at Smith Point (private family cemetery) in Chambers County, Texas.

Sarah Ridge's historical marker outside the McNeir Cemetery (FM 562).

Sarah Ridge Paschal Pix

Born on the family plantation in the Cherokee Nation near present Rome, Georgia, Sarah Ridge (1814-1891) attended mission schools and girls' seminary. Her father Major Ridge was a Cherokee leader and friend of Sam Houston. Major Ridge, Sarah's brother John, and cousin were later assassinated for supporting the treaty that traded Indian lands for acreage in the West. This treaty led to the infamous "Trail of Tears."

Sarah married a lawyer, George Washington Paschal, in 1837 and they settled in Arkansas. In 1847, the family and slaves moved to Galveston. During the 1850 yellow fever epidemic Sarah opened her home and treated many of the ill with an Indian remedy. After Sarah and Paschal divorced, she married Charles C. Sisson Pix, an Englishman, in 1856 in the home of Republic of Texas President Mirabeau B. Lamar.

She traded her Galveston home for this land at Smith Point soon after the marriage. Pix cattle ranged from here to present Liberty. While Pix served in the Confederate Army, Sarah built the ranch into a large operation. With the end of slavery, the ranch declined.

After Sarah divorced Pix in 1880, she remained on the ranch with her widowed daughter Agnes Paschal McNeir and two grandsons. Heirs still own the land. (1979)


McNeir Cemetery Historical Marker

 McNeir Cemetery

Also known as McNeir Family Cemetery, this burial ground is the final resting place for Sarah Ridge Paschal Pix and her descendants.  Her father, known as Major Ridge, was a Cherokee Chief in Georgia.  He and others were assassinated in 1839 over a controversial treaty.  Sarah came to Texas in 1848 with her husband George Washington Paschal and settled in Galveston.  There, in 1850, she treated yellow fever victims using a Cherokee remedy.  She also divorced Paschal the same year. In 1856, she wed Charles Sisson Pix and moved to Smith Point, where their son Charles Forest Pix was born in1857. 

Tradition holds that at the age of seven, Charles Forest planted an acorn near the Pix home, and the resulting Live Oak tree later shaded the site of his grave.  Although he died in 1874, his father, who had abandoned the family, delayed permission for the burial on the land until the next year.  The site later passed to Emily Agnes Paschal McNeir, Sarah’s daughter.  Emily’s husband, William, was the second burial here in what became known as the McNeir Cemetery. Family members continue to maintain this small buried ground as a link to their rich history. 

Note:  Charles Sisson Pix was killed by a falling wall in the 1900 Galveston hurricane.



Elias Boudinot's historical marker and grave in the Samuel Worcester Cemetery in Park Hill, Oklahoma, across the street from the Park Hill Cemetery. Elias was assassinated close to this spot.

Seal of the Cherokee Nation Sept. 6, 1939

Elias Boudinot
Kilakeena "Buck" Watie
1802 - 1839

A son of Oo-watie and Susanna Reese Watie, educated at Moravian Mission, Spring Place, Georgia, and at Cornwall Mission, Connecticut. He became known as Elias Boudinot. This name adopted from that of his friend, a noted leader in New Jersey. He made his home at New Echota, the Cherokee Capital in Georgia, where he served as clerk of the Cherokee National Council (1825 to 1828), and was editor of the Cherokee Phoenix newspaper and translator of biblical works in association with the Rev. Samuel A. Worcester.

Elias Boudinot, his brother Stand Watie, their relative's, the Ridge's, and other tribesmen signed the Treaty of 1835 at New Echota, providing for the removal of all Cherokees to the Indian territory. Here in the west, Boudinot again served with Rev. Worcester in the work of Park Hill Mission Press, near which he was assassinated June 6, 1839, by enemy tribesmen, ostensibly for having signed the New Echota treaty. His burial was near the spot where he fell. His grave covered by a large slab of stone with no inscription.

One who knew him well spoke of Elias Boudinot as a Cherokee of honor, an earnest Christian, a man of exceptional ability and fine intellect whose life was devoted to the vision of advancement and well being for all of the people of the Cherokee Nation.

Erected by The Oklahoma Historical Society 1964


Major Ridge's and John Ridge's gravestones in Polson Cemetery in Grove, OK, just west of Southwest City, Missouri.
Also see Misc.
Photographs Part 2

The back of Major Ridge's gravestone has the following inscription:

             The Ridge
     Morgan's Cherokee
            War of 1812
           June 22, 1839


The gravestone behind Major Ridge's:

Susan C. Wickett
Wife of Major
1775 - 1849


Stand Watie's historical marker is located on the outside of Polson Cemetery. Stand is also buried inside the cemetery near Major Ridge and John Ridge.

Stand Watie
Degataga Oo-watee

Stand Watie was only American Indian to attain rank of Brigadier General during the Civil War and was last Confederate general to surrender. Born in Georgia December 12, 1806, he spoke only the Cherokee language until he was twelve years of age.

When Federal Government began urging Cherokees to move to Georgia, Tennessee, and North Carolina, to a home west of the Mississippi, Stand was one of those who believed it best for Cherokees to make such a move as signer of the Treaty of New Echota in 1836, which provided for removal of Cherokees to the west. Stand Watie gained enmity of those opposed to such treaty provision.

After removal to the west, Watie married Sarah C. Bell to whom three sons and two daughters were born.

At the outbreak of Civil War, Stand Watie espoused the Southern cause and soon received commission as Colonel in Confederate Army. Among the battles in which he participated were Wilson Creek, Bird Creek, Pea Ridge, Honey Springs, and Cabin Creek. He attained rank of Brigadier General on May 10, 1864.

Was joint commander with General R. M. Gano at Battle of Cabin Creek, fought September 18, 1864. In this battle, Confederates routed Federals and captured about 300 wagons loaded with supplies thus for a time enabling the destitute Indian Confederates to continue the war.

General Stand Watie surrendered his command at Doaksville near Ft. Towson on June 23, 1865.

He died on September 9, 1871. A man of courage, leadership, and loyalty.

Oklahoma Historical Society 1971


Major Ridge's home in Rome, Georgia, is now called Chieftains Museum/Major Ridge Home, a National Historic Landmark and a certified historic and interpretive site on the Trail of Tears National Historic Trail.

The marker is located at Ridge Ferry Park, near the Chieftains Museum/Major Ridge Home (photo by Dorothy Horner)

Ross Ridge Road




Polson Cemetery, OK- Stand Watie's historical marker, monument, and gravestone (behind monument) - near Southwest City, MO

In honor of Gen. Stand Watie, only full blood Indian Brig. Gen. in the Confederate Army. This brave Cherokee rendered heroic service to the Confederate cause in Ind. terr. Born in GA Dec.12,1806, died in Cher. Nat. Sept. 9, 1871. A tribute to his memory by Okla. Div. United Daughters of the Confederacy.  "Lest we forget"


Watie and Ridge - historical marker 2 1/2 miles south of Honey Creek Bridge on Hwy 59, south of Grove, OK (erected 1995)

WATIE AND RIDGE - Stand Watie and his cousin, John Ridge, signed 1835 treaty for the Cherokee removal from Georgia to Ind. Ter., which caused a tribal feud. Ridge, young and talented, was assassinated, but Watie escaped their enemies. Later he was Southern Cherokee leader and only Indian commissioned Brig. Gen. in the Confederate States Army


Battle of Maysville - historical marker in Arkansas that mentions Stand Watie


Battle of Ft. Wayne - historical marker in Oklahoma that mentions Stand Watie (13 miles west of Gravette, AR, erected 1995)


Established in autumn 1839 by Lt. Col. R.B. Mason and 1st Dragoons, U.S. Army, and named in honor of Gen. "Mad" Anthony Wayne. Abandoned on May 15, 1842. Here in July 1861, Col. Stand Watie established a Confederate army post and organized the Cherokee Mounted Rifles. Captured by Federal troops, Oct. 22. 1862 in engagement known as Battle of Fort Wayne.


Two historical markers - south of Tahlequah, OK, on Hwy 69 about Park Hill, Park Hill Press, missionary Samuel Worcester, and Elias Boudinot (1995)


Battle of the J. R. Williams (Stigler, OK - photo from the Internet)

Site of the civil war naval battle.  Confederate Indian forces, led by Cherokee Brig. Gen. Stand Watie, forced aground and captured Union Steamboat J. R. Williams with cargo valued at $120,000 on June 15, 1864.  Southern troops included Choctaws, Chickasaws, Creeks, and Seminoles.

For the rest of the historical markers and monuments, click here